Those who use music to change the times
Pottier and the world’s sinned
Lenin had a famous saying in 1913: "A worker who has consciousness, no matter where he came from, whether or not fate tossed him wherever he went, whether he felt that he was a foreigner or not, he had no words, no eyes, and no farther from the motherland." He can find his comrades and friends with the familiar tunes of "International Song."
Nearly 100 years have passed and the "International Song" still has tremendous power. This is a question worthy of the attention of the contemporary people.
In the 1830s, the Parisian workers armed uprisings and overthrew the restored Bourbon dynasty. In 1848, the working class in Paris once again armed uprisings. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War broke out and on March 18, 1871, Parisian workers set off a violent act to establish the Paris Commune. The Paris Commune carried out a series of bold tests of proletarian democracy. However, by May 28th, the commune finally could not resist the offensive against the amount of anti-motivation, and was destroyed.
In this vigorous revolutionary struggle, numerous revolutionary fighters have emerged. Among them, a poet, Eugen Podaye, deserves special mention.
Carpenter poet and worker musician
Paddy is a carpenter but loves to write poetry. At the age of 14, he published his first poetry collection "The Young Poem God." As a worker, he participated in armed struggles and wrote poems. The gun is his weapon and poetry is his weapon. After the failure of the Paris Commune, as a leader of the communes, he was sentenced to death, forced to flee, and had been in exile in Britain and the United States for nearly 10 years. In 1880, Daddy returned to his native country. He was very sick and his life was very difficult, but he still worked hard. When he died in 1887, he was 71 years old.
Lenin wrote a special article for Bodié, referring specifically to his posthumous grief: “Bodied died in poverty, but he left behind his own a true monument that could not be built by man. He is the greatest propagandist to use the song as a tool." This monument is the "International Song" written by Pottier in June 1871.
The "International Song" formerly known as the "International Workers' League" was initially printed only in Porty's poetry and was not widely circulated. In 1888, Dickens, a amateur music amateur, made the song a song.
After the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, the Soviet government used the "International Song" as the national anthem until 1944. After the establishment of the Communist International in 1919, this song was also confirmed as the party song of the Communist Parties of various countries. With the development of the socialist movement in the world, "International Song" has spread all over the world. Even extreme opposition to communism, such as the Nazi military band and the British government of Berlin and Churchill, were all forced to perform this song. This is because they had to perform the national anthem according to diplomatic etiquette during the reception of the Soviet Union's guests.
The Story of International Song in China
"International Song" is sung for many years in China. Who first translated it into Chinese?
In 1920, Qiu Qiubai traveled through Harbin and heard the song for the first time at the conference to participate in the Soviet Union's celebration of the third anniversary of the October Revolution. In 1923, he translated this song into Chinese. At the time, while playing the organ, he repeatedly chanted and translated the words, and continued to scrutinize the changes until he had a good mouth. In June 1923, the "New Youth" published the translated "International Song" and its scores on the first issue. In early 1935, on the eve of the fall of the Central Soviet Area, Qu Qiubai was arrested when he broke through. Chiang Kai-shek did not persuade him to descend and ordered to be executed. Before the trial, Qu Qiubai looked at himself and went to sit on a lawn. He said, “This place is very good.” At the same time, he also sang the “International Song” he translated and sweared to death.
Mao Zedong also pointed out long ago: “An international grief song is one song, and arrogance is for me from heaven!” The influence of “International Song” in China is unquestionable. How many CCP leaders ever sang this revolutionary song in their youth.
Li Jinhui and "He Rijun Again"
Li Jinhui was born in Hunan at the end of the 19th century, a wealthy family. Eight of his brothers are well-known figures in the future. Especially the big brother Wu Jinxi, is a famous linguist.
Li Jinhui's "Chinese Song and Dance School"
From 1916 to 1926, Li Jinhui was in Beijing. He participated in the editing and publishing of the first batch of Chinese modern Mandarin Chinese textbooks; participated in the editing and publishing of China's earliest and longest-lived children's publication "Little Friend"; he wrote the first Chinese children's song and dance drama; he also broke the people of the late Qing Dynasty. In the early days, females were not allowed to perform on the taboos of stage performances. His daughter Dawn Hui became the first woman to perform on stage in that era.
From 1927 to 1936, Li Jinhui opened a "Chinese song and dance special school". He consulted the Japanese Baodi Song and Dance Troupe and liberated "the beauty of the standard human body from the feudal dogma." However, Li Jinhui was put on a "yellow music" hat and this started.
The music and film talents developed by Lai's dance school were extremely popular at the time. He also took out two people: one was Zhou Xiaohong, who was later renamed Zhou Yi; the other was Nie Shouxin. Later, in the name of Nie Er, he wrote the episode “The March of the Volunteer” for the movie “The Windy Children” and is now the People's Republic of China. National anthem.
In 1929, when the Northern Expeditionary Force entered Shanghai, Li Jinhui was politically squeezed by both the concession and the Northern Expeditionary Forces and was forced to lead the dance school to tour the Southeast Asian countries. This tour caused unprecedented success and sensation, but the result was that Li Jinhui was trapped in Singapore due to the fact that trainees were scrambling. In order to earn a return to the country, he wrote 100 "family love songs" in a short period of time and contacted various bookstores in Shanghai. As a result, he not only had money to return to China, but also started a new situation in his career. His shot made him stand on the unmatched height of the Chinese pop music industry. The major record companies all made music with the invitation to Lai Jinhui as the highest goal. He recorded hundreds of records as a result. In 1932, 90% of the more than 100 songs that were selected by the "Big Evening News" for the first three major broadcast singers in Shanghai were written by Li Jinhui.
Li Jinhui's pop music is completely new in the history of Chinese music. He was trapped in Singapore when he was writing and did not have any information at hand. Therefore, regardless of ancient and modern Chinese and foreign poetry, Western poetry, folk tune, and folk dance, he used it for my own purposes. Thus, he created an era of unprecedented popularity in China, that is, the famous "Era of the times." His creation and follow-up with others, forming a giant stream, and the singer, radio, film, karaoke, magazines, gossip, etc. form a Symbiosis and mutual organisms became the representatives of the Shanghai school culture throughout the 30s and 40s. "He Ri-Jun again" is not the work of Li Jin-hui himself, but it is the best epitome of pop music of that era.
Many people are because Teresa Teng knows "He Rijun is coming." In fact, this song has been 70 years old. This song was originally an episode of the 1938 movie "Samsung With the Moon" and was sung by Zhou Yin. This movie is not very good, but this song is alarming, becoming a popular music history in modern China, and even a far-reaching song in recent history. This masterpiece of the "Era of the Era" was once known as "The Voice of the Skull," and all parties involved want to eliminate it. But this song shows unspeakable vitality.
One hundred years of singing
The time when Li Jinhui was personally in Shanghai largely ended in 1936. His persistent idealism is not suitable for operating a business that is successful and accumulates in entertainment. It also adds to the oppression of political and military forces, the attacks of the cultural world, the coercion and plunder of the underworld, and even more not to be used by the Japanese army in the Japanese army. On the eve of the occupation of Shanghai, he resolved to leave Shanghai and bid farewell to the music world he created. However, the talents he cultivated continue to dominate the Shanghai music and film industry throughout the 40s and 50s.
In the Spring Festival of 2004, CCTV broadcast a documentary "One Hundred Years of Songs". The opening lyricized the melody of Li Jinhui's "Drizzle." This song has been recognized by the music industry as China's first popular song.
The Beatles and February 7, 1964
"It doesn't matter if you play a guitar, but you have no way to feed yourself, John...." In England in 1956, all parents were similar. No one would think that playing guitar and singing would make a difference; any The fifteen-six-year-olds are also the same. They regard the words of their father and mother as a sideline. So, John Lennon still made a big dream of making big money: Even a truck driver can become a million superstar.
In the United States on the other side of the Atlantic, playing guitar and singing is a kind of attitude towards life, a culture that has accumulated over half a century. In the 1950s, after accumulating and absorbing more than half a century of blues, sorcerers, and jazz, rock music gradually sprouted. Rock and roll has set a good example and laid the foundation stone. Rock stars have become millions of young people across the Atlantic across Britain. Trying to imitate the object. In Liverpool, there are four such young people. These poor boys with their dreams and qualities have struggled in clubs and bars in Liverpool’s large and small, dirty, and stenched, and even distant oceans. Hamburg, Germany, develops and looks for opportunities to become famous.
In the late 1950s, rock music became the most popular entertainment on both sides of the Atlantic. Perhaps because of its popularity with young people, “Elvis Presley” received the “Call for Order” to report to the Army; Chuck Berry crossed the border with a girl and was charged with a crime; Richard then became an apostle of God and spread the gospel to go... These rock stars, one by one, were so hard to turn over in a conservative society that they disappeared overnight.
The hot Beatles
The British boys: Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and John Lennon, have gradually developed their own performance characteristics and stage charm. In November 1961, they met Bole - Brian Epstein. He took a look at the charming qualities of a few boys, rebuilt them and actively promoted them. Perhaps because of his labor background and similar identity background with fans, they expanded to Liverpool in the UK and expanded from Liverpool to the United Kingdom. They gradually built up a reputation and accumulated a large number of diehard fans. In the end, drummer Ringo Star joined, and a complete combination finally formed. This combination, in just a few short years, quickly gathered momentum and whipped up the “Beatles” fever throughout the UK. The scope of their influence is not only in music, but also extends to languages, costumes, youth culture and many other aspects.
Occupy the United States
The Beatles’ first visit to the United States opened the famous "British invasion." On February 7, 1964, American fans had long waited at the airport for their arrival. At noon, a Pan Am plane finally landed at the airport. The Beatles stepped out of the cabin and waved to the fans. The fans shouted their names, and some even burst into tears. For a moment cries and screams shook the entire airport. That night, all television stations in the United States relayed the entire process of their arrival. Early in the morning, hundreds of fans gathered outside the hotel where they stayed: "Wewantthe Beatles!"
On this trip, only a few performances were performed by the bandits, but the United States was also involved in the “The Beatles” fever. The "Beatles" fever, which extends to the United States, is an unstoppable trend in rock music. All rock fans from across the United States have emerged. The Beatles was the first successful case of a British band for export.
Forever this day
On February 7, 1964, the sparks sparked by the Beatles' "British Invasion" were burned all over the world from Britain and the United States. From this day onwards, rock music becomes a business that can be seriously managed, and rock singers can become millionaires. It is the spirit of rock music that advocates freedom. It permeates the world, changes the world, and makes its spirit everywhere.
Madonna: The Fit of the Wave Lady and the Mother
In 1977, the snow in New York silently defended the Brooklyn studio. Madonna, who had not eaten for two days, wraps his slightly shivering body with a thin blanket. The photographer asked her to fade away her clothes. Because she reveals an inch more skin, she will have a salary of a few dollars more. All four are quiet. Madonna looked at the snow from the window and suddenly picked up a song. The current of the note broke into her limbs. She suddenly felt a warmth. Yes, when I gave up my studies at the University of Michigan, I came to New York to pursue the dream of music. She unbuttoned her shirt and her eyes became sharp. The photographer began to catch her demeanor. Her throat was full of notes... In 1984, this song became Madonna's first championship single, and she also launched her music map that has not stopped and has affected the world.
The eternal trend creator
Starting from the first album in 1983, Madonna started with dance music and became a song played by DJs at major dance venues in a song called "Holi-day." Subsequently, "The Like Virgin" and "Material Girl" successfully won the championship. From her disco genre in the early 80's to the European electronic music dance in the 21st century, almost every piece of dance music has become a favorite song of nightclubs. Madonna understands the demand for new changes in the dance music market, always launches avant-garde genres, such as the "Fashion" with the gesture of dancing style, after ten years of listening is still not retired popular; "glory" of psychedelic electronic It is in a hip-hop, rhythm-and-blues market that kills an electronic illusion and allows the dancer to find a new dance to catch up with her new trend.
When Madonna debuted, the MTV culture began to flourish. The singers not only have to sing good songs but also have to pose for music in the music video studio. Everyone thought of Madonna, and the impact that ran into his mind must include the footage of her “Virgin as a Virgin” videotape, her dignified posture on the flamingo of Venice, and the glittering cowgirl in Music. Check out her video director list for each song and see famous directors such as Lu Besson and David Finch. Her new style in the video will become the object of imitation for the fans; it will show new dance steps and will be a model for the fans to continue their exercises.
Challenge the ethical standard topic queen
Challenge taboo is the origin of Madonna's every video. Her videos are often banned because of excessive pornography or violence. She has a vivid image in the video. Different roles can be attributed to the arrogance of "I am the Queen."
The Madonna's Queen's dominance is best reflected in the concert. Her petite body was just on the stage. She wore a bridal gown sings like "Virgin" or a big kick and sang classical dances. The torrents of tens of thousands of people sang in solitude, but they could only be compared with religious worship. The wave of underwear worn by her at the concert affected the world's fashion.
In 2004, she launched a "re-invented" tour. When she opened in Paris, almost all the women who grew up with her music used her classic style.